Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1956
William B. Shockley, John Bardeen, Walter H. Brattain

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William B. Shockley - Facts

William Bradford Shockley

William Bradford Shockley

Born: 13 February 1910, London, United Kingdom

Died: 12 August 1989, Palo Alto, CA, USA

Affiliation at the time of the award: Semiconductor Laboratory of Beckman Instruments, Inc., Mountain View, CA, USA

Prize motivation: "for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect"

Field: instrumentation, semiconductor technology

Prize share: 1/3

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MLA style: "William B. Shockley - Facts". Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 23 Dec 2014. <>


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