The Nobel Prize in Physics 1956
William B. Shockley, John Bardeen, Walter H. Brattain
William Bradford Shockley
Born: 13 February 1910, London, United Kingdom
Died: 12 August 1989, Palo Alto, CF, USA
Affiliation at the time of the award: Semiconductor Laboratory of Beckman Instruments, Inc., Mountain View, CA, USA
Prize motivation: "for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect"
Field: instrumentation, semiconductor technology