Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1969
Murray Gell-Mann

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Murray Gell-Mann - Facts

Murray Gell-Mann

Murray Gell-Mann

Born: 15 September 1929, New York, NY, USA

Affiliation at the time of the award: California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Pasadena, CA, USA

Prize motivation: "for his contributions and discoveries concerning the classification of elementary particles and their interactions"

Field: particle physics

Prize share: 1/1

Classification of Elementary Particles and their Interaction

During the 1950s and 1960s, new accelerators and experimental equipment brought many new elementary particles. In his theoretical works during the same period, Murry Gell-Mann classified particles and their interactions. He proposed that observed particles in fact are composite, made up by smaller building blocks called quarks. According to this theory new particles should exist and when these later were found the theory was generally accepted.

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