Murray Gell-Mann

Facts

Murray Gell-Mann

Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.

Murray Gell-Mann
The Nobel Prize in Physics 1969

Born: 15 September 1929, New York, NY, USA

Affiliation at the time of the award: California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Pasadena, CA, USA

Prize motivation: "for his contributions and discoveries concerning the classification of elementary particles and their interactions."

Prize share: 1/1

Work

During the 1950s and 1960s, new accelerators and apparatuses helped identify many new elementary particles. In theoretical works from the same period, Murray Gell-Mann classified particles and their interactions. He proposed that observed particles are in fact composite, that is, comprised of smaller building blocks called quarks. According to this theory, as-yet-undiscovered particles should exist. When these were later found in experiments, the theory was accepted.

To cite this section
MLA style: Murray Gell-Mann – Facts. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Media AB 2018. Mon. 19 Nov 2018. <https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/1969/gell-mann/facts/>

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