The Nobel Prize in Physics 1972
John Bardeen, Leon N. Cooper, Robert Schrieffer
Born: 23 May 1908, Madison, WI, USA
Died: 30 January 1991, Boston, MA, USA
Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA
Prize motivation: "for their jointly developed theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCS-theory"