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Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1906
Henri Moissan

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Henri Moissan - Facts

Henri Moissan

Henri Moissan

Born: 28 September 1852, Paris, France

Died: 20 February 1907, Paris, France

Affiliation at the time of the award: Sorbonne University, Paris, France

Prize motivation: "in recognition of the great services rendered by him in his investigation and isolation of the element fluorine, and for the adoption in the service of science of the electric furnace called after him"

Field: inorganic chemistry, nuclear chemistry

Prize share: 1/1

Work

Investigations of various salts and minerals during the 19th century led chemists to suspect that there was a previously unknown element with properties that resembled chlorine and iodine. However, it was very difficult to isolate the substance. By developing an ingenious apparatus, Henri Moissan succeeded in producing a stream of gas consisting of the sought-after element - fluoride - in 1886. Moissan also developed a new type of furnace in which an electric arc is used as a source of heat. In the furnace Henri Moissan managed to synthesize microscopic diamonds and other materials.

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