Albert Einstein with his violin 'Lina'.

Photo: Public domain

In-depth

Nobel Prize laureates share their thoughts

Nobel Prize in Physics 2020
Anne L’Huillier is the fifth woman awarded a Nobel Prize in Physics. Here, she talks about her passion for science, how she deals with failure and what skills have been important in her career.
Anne L’Huillier in the lab

Anne L’Huillier in the lab.

Photo courtesy of European Research Council

Read more about the 2023 Nobel Prizes

Nobel Prize in Physics 2023
Through their experiments, the 2023 physics laureates have created flashes of light that are short enough to take snapshots of electrons’ extremely rapid movements. 
Illustration of two electrons, illustrating the Nobel Prize in Physics 2023.

© Johan Jarnestad/The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2023
The 2023 chemistry laureates have discovered and developed quantum dots. These tiny particles have unique properties and now spread their light from television screens and LED lamps.
An illustration of a bucket of paint with coloured balls beneath it, representing quantum dots.

© Johan Jarnestad/The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2023
Claudia Goldin’s research has given us new and often surprising insights into women’s historical and contemporary roles in the labour market.
A detective investigating a file cabinet, accompanied by a golden retriever.

© Johan Jarnestad/The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

How much do you know about the discoveries awarded the 2023 Nobel Prizes? Take our one-minute crash course on each of the prizes and find out how each have changed our world.
Students with illustrations behind.

Watch Nobel Minds

Watch the laureates in a discussion about their discoveries and achievements, and how these might find a practical application. Nobel Minds is hosted by the BBC’s Zeinab Badawi.
Nobel Minds 2023

Nobel Minds 2023.

© Nobel Prize Outreach. Photo: Clément Morin.

Nobel Week Dialogue 2023

Nobel Week Dialogue, this year in Gothenburg, invited scientists and non-scientists alike to come together to talk about the past, present and future of migration.
Nobel Week Dialogue

Speakers from across the spectrum of science, society and culture explored the future of migration at Nobel Week Dialogue 2023.

© Nobel Prize Outreach. Photo: Anna Svanberg.

Nobel Peace Prize awarded work

Marie and Pierre Curie’s pioneering research led to not one, but two Nobel Prizes, the first for the couple, the second for Marie.

Pierre and Marie Curie

Pierre and Marie Curie in the "hangar" at l'Ecole de physique et chimie industrielles in Paris, France, where they made their discovery. (Photo taken 1898.)

Copyright © Association Curie Joliot-Curie, Photographer unknown

Nobel Peace Prize 1917, 1944 and 1963

The International Committee of the Red Cross has a unique position in the history of the Nobel Peace Prize: no recipient has been awarded the Peace Prize as often as this organisation. World Red Cross and Red Crescent Day is celebrated annually on the birthday of Henry Dunant, the founder of the organisation, but it all began in Solferino 1859 …

Red Cross - Armband

Armlet for the Red Cross.

Photo: Nobel Prize Museum

Nobel Peace Prize 1901

The first Nobel Peace Prize ever was awarded half to Henry Dunant and half to Frédéric Passy for their peace work. Henry Dunant, the founder of the Red Cross, was born into a wealthy home, but he died alone in a hospice. He never ceased to work for peace and against the taking up of arms.

Henry Dunant

Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.

Peace was the fifth and final prize area that Alfred Nobel outlined in his will. See all Nobel Peace Prize laureates and why they were awarded the prize.

Kofi Annan receiving his Nobel Peace Prize

Kofi Annan receiving his Nobel Peace Prize from Gunnar Berge, Chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee.

© Pressens Bild AB 2001.

Watch the documentary series

A team of female Yazidi deminers in Iraq attempting to clear their land of mines left behind by ISIS.  A team of scientists on an extraordinary mission in Mozambique to help better our understanding of climate change. A man building prosthetic legs to help victims of war walk again in South Sudan … All are inspired by Nobel Peace Prize laureates.

Into the fire - image

Nobel Prize laureates share their thoughts

In four videos 16 Nobel Prize laureates discuss new frontiers in their field and explore what life as a chemist entails. They also describe the beauty inherent in chemistry and recall the eureka moments when they discovered ‘a little of nature’s logic’.
Hand with test tube

Learn more

Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948) has become the strongest symbol of non-violence in the 20th century. It is widely held – in retrospect – that the Indian national leader should have been selected for the Nobel Peace Prize. He was nominated several times, but was never awarded the prize. Why?

Mahatma Gandhi laughing

Mahatma Gandhi laughing.

Photo: Public domain.

Nobel Prize laureates share their stories

Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2009
“In one of my experiments I tried to measure the height of our tiny balcony using the furniture from inside the apartment. I put a table on another table, and a stool on top …”
Ada Yonath with dishes used for crystallization experiments

Ada E. Yonath with dishes used for crystallization experiments.

Credits: Micheline Pelletier/Corbis,

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2018
“I can’t help but cry whenever I tell this story. My meeting with Sharon was my first experience of how years of research as a basic scientist could have an impact on patients.”
James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo's meeting with cancer survivors

James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo's meeting with cancer survivors

© Nobel Prize Outreach. Photo: Alexander Mahmoud

Nobel Prize in Physics 2018
“I have always loved going to school. I was one of those rare kids who was happy to have summer vacation over so I could go back to school. I started this love affair with school at Victory Public School.”
Donna Strickland in the laboratory

Donna Strickland in the laboratory.

Courtesy of University of Waterloo

Nobel Prize in Physics 2019
“As a teenager, I began doing one of my most exciting sports: climbing. With Aigle so close to mountains, living there allowed me to regularly practice these sports. Climbing provides me with immeasurable pleasure but… at one stage I was very happy to be rescued from a deep crevasse without too much damage!”
Michel Mayor

Portrait of Michel Mayor.

Photo: University of Geneva

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2009
“Biology seemed the most interesting of sciences to me as a child. I was captivated by both the visual impact of science through science books written for young people, and an idea of the romance and nobility of the scientific quest. This latter was especially engendered by the biography of Marie Curie.”
Elizabeth Blackburn

Elizabeth Blackburn

Photo: Micheline Pelletier

Nobel Prize in Physics 2021
“I think that doing science is like playing puzzles or reading a detective story and trying to understand who is guilty before the author tells you. I think that most people like to play with puzzles but as a scientist I think this is on a different scale because the type of puzzles that we interested in are on a much bigger scale.”
Giorgio Parisi standing in front of a blackboard teaching

Giorgio Parisi teaching

Courtesy Giorgio Parisi

Prize in economic sciences 2019
…I knew that economics was one field I must avoid. My father was a famously charismatic teacher, who adored and was much adored by his many students. He would often talk about just how brilliant some of them were, and it was clear to me that I had nothing to gain and much to lose by inviting comparisons with them.”
Abhijit Banerjee after receiving his Nobel Prize

Abhijit Banerjee after receiving his Nobel Prize at Konserthuset Stockholm, 10 December 2019.

© Nobel Media. Photo: Nanaka Adachi

Nobel Prize laureates share their thoughts

Nobel Prize in Physics 2020

What brought you to science?

What brought you to science? Did you have role models that inspired you to start a scientific career? In what environment are you most creative? These and more questions are answered in this interview with Andrea Ghez.

Explore and learn

Nobel Prize Summit 2023

How can we build trust in truth, facts and scientific evidence so that we can create a hopeful future for all?

Nobel Prize Summit brought together laureates, leading experts and the general public in a conversation on how we can combat disinformation, restore trust in science and create a hopeful future.

Read more and watch the recorded events here
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