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Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1974
Albert Claude, Christian de Duve, George E. Palade

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George E. Palade - Facts

George E. Palade

George E. Palade

Born: 19 November 1912, Iasi, Romania

Died: 7 October 2008, Del Mar, CA, USA

Affiliation at the time of the award: Yale University, School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA

Prize motivation: "for their discoveries concerning the structural and functional organization of the cell"

Field: cell physiology

Prize share: 1/3

Work

Our bodies are made up of cells that contain organelles, components with various functions. Albert Claude's research with the newly developed electron microscope and his methods for separating the various parts of pulverized cells using a centrifuge opened up new opportunities for studying cells in detail. In 1955 George Palade discovered previously unknown organelles in the cell, ribosomes, where the cell's formation of proteins takes place. He also identified the paths proteins take through the cell.

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