The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1974
Born: 24 August 1898, Longlier, Belgium
Died: 22 May 1983, Brussels, Belgium
Affiliation at the time of the award: Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain, Belgium
Prize motivation: “for their discoveries concerning the structural and functional organization of the cell”
Prize share: 1/3
Our bodies are made up of cells that contain organelles, components with various functions. Around 1945 Albert Claude conducted a number of trailblazing studies of cellular components. He made use of the newly developed electron microscope, which enabled him to capture images with a level of detail not previously available. Claude also developed methods for separating the various parts of pulverized cells with a centrifuge so they could be better studied. This also became a breakthrough for cell biology.