Christian de Duve


Christian de Duve

Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.

Christian de Duve
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1974

Born: 2 October 1917, Thames Ditton, United Kingdom

Died: 4 May 2013, Nethen, Belgium

Affiliation at the time of the award: Rockefeller University, New York, NY, USA; Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain, Belgium

Prize motivation: “for their discoveries concerning the structural and functional organization of the cell”

Prize share: 1/3


Our bodies are made up of cells that contain organelles, components with various functions. Albert Claude’s research with the newly developed electron microscope and his methods for separating the various parts of pulverized cells using a centrifuge opened up new opportunities for studying cells in detail. In 1955 Christian de Duve discovered previously unknown organelles in the cell, lysosomes. These have important functions in decomposing different types of materials, such as bacteria and parts of cells that have worn out.

To cite this section
MLA style: Christian de Duve – Facts. Nobel Prize Outreach AB 2023. Fri. 29 Sep 2023. <>

Back to top Back To Top Takes users back to the top of the page

Coming up

This year’s Nobel Prize announcements will take place 2–9 October. All announcements will be streamed live here on

See the full schedule
Announcement dates

Explore prizes and laureates

Look for popular awards and laureates in different fields, and discover the history of the Nobel Prize.