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Nobel Prizes and Laureates


Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1961
Robert Hofstadter, Rudolf Mössbauer

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Robert Hofstadter - Facts

Robert Hofstadter

Robert Hofstadter

Born: 5 February 1915, New York, NY, USA

Died: 17 November 1990, Stanford, CA, USA

Affiliation at the time of the award: Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA

Prize motivation: "for his pioneering studies of electron scattering in atomic nuclei and for his thereby achieved discoveries concerning the structure of the nucleons"

Field: nuclear physics

Prize share: 1/2

Opened New Aspects on the Properties of the Nucleons.

Matter is composed of atoms with a small nucleus surrounded by electrons. Robert Hofstadter developed experimental means in order to study the structure of the nucleus. A high energy electron beam from an accelerator was directed towards nuclei and by examining the scattering of the electrons, he could investigate how charges were distributed. In addition he could also investigate how the magnetic moments were distributed. Nuclei are not homogeneous but have an internal structure.

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