Lev Davidovich Landau
Born: 22 January 1908, Baku, Russian Empire (now Azerbaijan)
Died: 1 April 1968, Moscow, USSR (now Russia)
Affiliation at the time of the award: Academy of Sciences, Moscow, USSR
Prize motivation: "for his pioneering theories for condensed matter, especially liquid helium"
Field: condensed matter physics, superfluidity
Prize share: 1/1