The Nobel Prize in Physics 1978
Pyotr Kapitsa, Arno Penzias, Robert Woodrow Wilson
Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa
Born: 9 July 1894, Kronshtadt, Russian Empire (now Russia)
Died: 8 April 1984, Moscow, USSR (now Russia)
Affiliation at the time of the award: Academy of Sciences, Moscow, USSR
Prize motivation: "for his basic inventions and discoveries in the area of low-temperature physics"
Field: condensed matter physics, superfluidity