The Nobel Prize in Physics 1981
Nicolaas Bloembergen, Arthur L. Schawlow, Kai M. Siegbahn
Arthur Leonard Schawlow
Born: 5 May 1921, Mount Verno, NY, USA
Died: 28 April 1999, Palo Alto, CF, USA
Affiliation at the time of the award: Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
Prize motivation: "for their contribution to the development of laser spectroscopy"
Field: optical physics, quantum electrodynamics