The Nobel Prize in Physics 1986
Ernst Ruska, Gerd Binnig, Heinrich Rohrer
Born: 20 July 1947, Frankfurt-on-the-Main, West Germany (now Germany)
Affiliation at the time of the award: IBM Zurich Research Laboratory, Rüschlikon, Switzerland
Prize motivation: "for their design of the scanning tunneling microscope"
Field: condensed matter physics, instrumentation