Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1990
Jerome I. Friedman, Henry W. Kendall, Richard E. Taylor

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Henry W. Kendall - Facts

Henry W. Kendall

Henry W. Kendall

Born: 9 December 1926, Boston, MA, USA

Died: 15 February 1999, Wakulla Springs State Park, FL, USA

Affiliation at the time of the award: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA, USA

Prize motivation: "for their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics"

Field: particle physics

Prize share: 1/3

Investigated the Innermost Structures of Matter

Normal matter is made up of atoms with a nucleus of protons and neutrons, surrounded by electrons. In experiments around 1970, Henry Kendall, Jerome Friedman, and Richard Taylor sent high energy electrons from an accelerator against a target with protons and neutrons. They investigated how the electrons were scattered in the reactions and how other particles were produced. The results gave strong support for the theory that protons and neutrons are built from quarks.

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