Nobelprize.org
Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2001
Eric Cornell, Wolfgang Ketterle, Carl Wieman

Share this:

Wolfgang Ketterle - Facts

Wolfgang Ketterle

Wolfgang Ketterle

Born: 21 October 1957, Heidelberg, West Germany (now Germany)

Affiliation at the time of the award: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA, USA

Prize motivation: "for the achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms, and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates"

Field: atomic physics

Prize share: 1/3

Work

One of the fundamental numbers in the world of quantum mechanics is the spin quantum number. Particles and atoms that have whole-number spin are described by other rules and equations than those that have half-number spin. Satyendra Nath Bose and Albert Einstein predicted in 1924 that at very low temperatures atoms with whole-number spin would be able to concentrate themselves in the lowest energy state and form a Bose-Einstein condensate. In 1995 Wolfgang Ketterle succeeded in proving the phenomenon in a rarefied gas of rubidium atoms at an extremely low temperature.

Share this:
To cite this page
MLA style: "Wolfgang Ketterle - Facts". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 26 Jul 2016. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2001/ketterle-facts.html>

Recommended: