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Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2008
Harald zur Hausen, Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, Luc Montagnier

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Françoise Barré-Sinoussi - Facts

Françoise Barré-Sinoussi

Françoise Barré-Sinoussi

Born: 30 July 1947, Paris, France

Affiliation at the time of the award: Regulation of Retroviral Infections Unit, Virology Department, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Prize motivation: "for their discovery of human immunodeficiency virus"

Field: disease transmission, immunity, virology

Prize share: 1/4

Discovered the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

Retroviruses are viruses whose genomes consist of RNA and whose genes can be incorporated into host cells' DNA. In 1983, Françoise Barré-Sinoussi and Luc Montaigner discovered a retrovirus in patients with swollen lymph glands that attacked lymphocytes - a kind of blood cell that is very important to the body's immune system. The retrovirus, later named Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), proved to be the cause of the immunodeficiency disease AIDS. This discovery has been crucial in radically improving treatment methods for AIDS sufferers.

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MLA style: "Françoise Barré-Sinoussi - Facts". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 28 Aug 2016. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2008/barre-sinoussi-facts.html>

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