Luc Montagnier

Facts

Luc Montagnier

© The Nobel Foundation. Photo: U. Montan

Luc Montagnier

Born: 18 August 1932, Chabris, France

Affiliation at the time of the award: World Foundation for AIDS Research and Prevention, Paris, France

Prize motivation: "for their discovery of human immunodeficiency virus."

Prize share: 1/4

Work

Retroviruses are viruses whose genomes consist of RNA and whose genes can be incorporated into host cells' DNA. In 1983, Luc Montaigner and Françoise Barré-Sinoussi discovered a retrovirus in patients with swollen lymph glands that attacked lymphocytes - a kind of blood cell that is very important to the body's immune system. The retrovirus, later named Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), proved to be the cause of the immunodeficiency disease AIDS. This discovery has been crucial in radically improving treatment methods for AIDS sufferers.

To cite this section
MLA style: Luc Montagnier – Facts. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Media AB 2018. Sun. 23 Sep 2018. <https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/medicine/2008/montagnier/facts/>

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