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Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2000
Zhores Alferov, Herbert Kroemer, Jack Kilby

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Zhores Alferov - Facts

Zhores I. Alferov

Zhores I. Alferov

Born: 15 March 1930, Vitebsk, Belorussia, USSR (now Belarus)

Affiliation at the time of the award: A.F. Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia

Prize motivation: "for developing semiconductor heterostructures used in high-speed- and opto-electronics"

Field: condensed matter physics, instrumentation

Prize share: 1/4

Work

Semiconductors, materials with properties between those of electrical conductors and insulators, are the basis for most electronic components. Some components use heterostructures, in which semiconductor materials lie in thin sheets. In 1963, at the same time as but independently of Herbert Kroemer, Zhores Alferov built a heterostructure that acted as a laser. Semiconductor lasers have since become important for the transmission of signals in optical fibers and for storage and reading of data

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MLA style: "Zhores I. Alferov - Facts". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 30 Sep 2016. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2000/alferov-facts.html>

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