The Nobel Prize in Physics 2000
Zhores I. Alferov, Herbert Kroemer, Jack S. Kilby
Zhores I. Alferov
Born: 15 March 1930, Vitebsk, Belorussia, USSR (now Belarus)
Affiliation at the time of the award: A.F. Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia
Prize motivation: "for developing semiconductor heterostructures used in high-speed- and opto-electronics"
Field: condensed matter physics, instrumentation