Herbert Kroemer


Herbert Kroemer

Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.

Herbert Kroemer
The Nobel Prize in Physics 2000

Born: 25 August 1928, Weimar, Germany

Died: 8 March 2024

Affiliation at the time of the award: University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA

Prize motivation: “for developing semiconductor heterostructures used in high-speed- and opto-electronics”

Prize share: 1/4


Semiconductors, materials with properties between those of electrical conductors and insulators, are the basis for most electronic components. Some components use heterostructures, in which semiconductor materials lie in thin sheets. In 1957 Herbert Kroemer developed a proposal for a transistor built on heterostructures, and in 1963, at the same time as but independently of Zhores Alferov, Kroemer also built a heterostructure that acted as a laser. These components have since become important in telecommunications, for example.

To cite this section
MLA style: Herbert Kroemer – Facts. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Prize Outreach AB 2024. Wed. 19 Jun 2024. <https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/2000/kroemer/facts/>

Back to top Back To Top Takes users back to the top of the page

Nobel Prizes and laureates

Eleven laureates were awarded a Nobel Prize in 2023, for achievements that have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind. Their work and discoveries range from effective mRNA vaccines and attosecond physics to fighting against the oppression of women.

See them all presented here.

Explore prizes and laureates

Look for popular awards and laureates in different fields, and discover the history of the Nobel Prize.