The Nobel Prize in Physics 2000
Zhores I. Alferov, Herbert Kroemer, Jack S. Kilby
Born: 25 August 1928, Weimar, Germany
Affiliation at the time of the award: University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA
Prize motivation: "for developing semiconductor heterostructures used in high-speed- and opto-electronics"
Field: Condensed matter physics, instrumentation