Heinrich Otto Wieland
Born: 4 June 1877, Pforzheim, Germany
Died: 5 August 1957, Munich, West Germany (now Germany)
Affiliation at the time of the award: Munich University, Munich, Germany
Prize motivation: "for his investigations of the constitution of the bile acids and related substances"
Field: natural products chemistry, organic chemistry
Heinrich Wieland received his Nobel Prize one year later, in 1928.
Prize share: 1/1
The multitudinous processes that allow our body to function involve a number of different substances. Bile acids are formed in the liver and secreted via the gall bladder in the duodenum. At the beginning of the 1920s, Heinrich Wieland researched bile acids and charted their composition. Among other things, his results helped to clarify the function of bile acids in the assimilation of various substances from the intestine. Heinrich Wieland also studied bufotoxin, a poisonous substance that is formed by many toads and that is related to bile acids.