Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill
Born: 30 November 1874, Woodstock, United Kingdom
Died: 24 January 1965, London, United Kingdom
Residence at the time of the award: United Kingdom
Prize motivation: "for his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values"
Prize share: 1/1
Winston Churchill, one of the 20th century's most prominent statesmen, also left behind a large body of writing. His works include an autobiography in which he describes his adventurous years as an officer and war correspondent, a comprehensive biography of his ancestor, the first Duke of Marlborough, and a multivolume work about the First and Second World Wars. The books are characterized by colorful narration but also by objectivity. Winston Churchill's magnificent and epoch-making speeches during World War II also belong to his most important written works.