Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1915
William Bragg, Lawrence Bragg

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Lawrence Bragg - Facts

William Lawrence Bragg

William Lawrence Bragg

Born: 31 March 1890, Adelaide, Australia

Died: 1 July 1971, Ipswich, United Kingdom

Affiliation at the time of the award: Victoria University, Manchester, United Kingdom

Prize motivation: "for their services in the analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays"

Field: crystallography, x-rays

Prize share: 1/2


Lawrence Bragg was born in Adelaide in Australia, where his father was a professor. When Bragg was 19, the family moved to Great Britain, where he studied at Cambridge. He carried out his Nobel Prize-awarded work when he was only 23, partly in collaboration with his father. After his pioneering contributions, Lawrence Bragg continued to be a central figure within his scientific field. Among other things, he was a professor in Manchester and Cambridge and at the Royal Institution in London. He married in 1921 and had four children.


Max von Laue's discovery that diffraction patterns occur when X-rays pass through crystals inspired William and Lawrence Bragg to conduct their own studies in the area. Their contributions included establishing the relationship between the wavelength of the X-ray, its angle of incidence, and the distance between the atomic layers inside the crystal. This provided a powerful tool for studying crystals' structures. Using diffraction pattern methods, it now also became possible to calculate the positions of atoms in crystalline structures.

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