Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1932
Werner Heisenberg

Share this:

Werner Heisenberg - Facts

Werner Karl Heisenberg

Werner Karl Heisenberg

Born: 5 December 1901, Würzburg, Germany

Died: 1 February 1976, Munich, West Germany (now Germany)

Affiliation at the time of the award: Leipzig University, Leipzig, Germany

Prize motivation: "for the creation of quantum mechanics, the application of which has, inter alia, led to the discovery of the allotropic forms of hydrogen"

Field: quantum mechanics

Werner Heisenberg received his Nobel Prize one year later, in 1933.

Prize share: 1/1


In Niels Bohr's theory of the atom, electrons absorb and emit radiation of fixed wavelengths when jumping between fixed orbits around a nucleus. The theory provided a good description of the spectrum created by the hydrogen atom, but needed to be developed to suit more complicated atoms and molecules. In 1925, Werner Heisenberg formulated a type of quantum mechanics based on matrices. In 1927 he proposed the "uncertainty relation", setting limits for how precisely the position and velocity of a particle can be simultaneously determined.

Share this:
To cite this page
MLA style: "Werner Heisenberg - Facts". Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 23 Jul 2018. <>