Nomination archive


Nomination for Nobel Peace Prize
Year:1902
Number:4 - 5
 
Nominee 1:
Name:William Randal Cremer
Gender:M
Year, Birth:1828
Year, Death:1908
Profession:Member of parliament. Secretary of the International Arbitration League. Co-founder of the Inter-Parliamentary Union.
City:London
Country:UNITED KINGDOM (GB)
Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 1903
 
Nominee 2:
Name:Baroness Bertha Sophie F von Suttner
Gender:F
Year, Birth:1843
Year, Death:1914
Profession:Author. Vice president of the Permanent International Peace Bureau.
City:Vienna
Country:AUSTRIA (AT)
Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 1905
 
Motivation:Cremer established the International Arbitration League in 1870. He initiated an arbitration treaty between Great Britain and the USA. Cremer organized and promoted inter-parliamentary peace conferences, and he was editor of the journal "The Arbitrator". He was the only labor leader in the peace movement and he promoted brotherhood between the working classes in England and France. Cremer was also one of the founders of the Inter-Parliamentary Union. Suttner was the author of the novel "Die Waffen nieder" (Lay Down Your Arms), the most important antiwar novel of the period. She was the founder and president of the Austrian Peace Society (1891), and she contributed to the foundation of the Permanent International Peace Bureau (1891). Suttner was nominated for her contribution to the international peace movement.
 
Nominator:
Name:Ernst Beckman
Gender:M
Profession:Member of the Council of the Inter-Parliamentary Union.
City:Stockholm
Country:SWEDEN (SE)
 
Comments: The nomination was in accordance with the nomination submitted by the Swedish Inter-Parliamentary Group. If the Nobel Committee decided upon only one individual, Cremer was Beckman's primary choice.
 

To cite this section
MLA style: Nomination Archive. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Prize Outreach AB 2021. Wed. 24 Nov 2021. <https://www.nobelprize.org/nomination/archive/show.php?id=1571>