|Nomination for Nobel Peace Prize|
|Number:||4 - 7|
|Name:||William Randal Cremer|
|Profession:||Member of parliament. Secretary of the International Arbitration League. Co-founder of the Inter-Parliamentary Union.|
|Country:||UNITED KINGDOM (GB)|
|Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 1903|
|Motivation:||Cremer established the International Arbitration League in 1870. He initiated an arbitration treaty between Great Britain and the USA. Cremer organized and promoted inter-parliamentary peace conferences, and he was editor of the journal "The Arbitrator". He was the only labor leader in the peace movement. Cremer was also one of the founders of the Inter-Parliamentary Union.|
|Name:||Count Fr. Schönbrunn|
|Profession:||Member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at the Hague|
|Comments:||Schönbrunn wanted the Norwegian Nobel Committee to bestow an honorary peace award on Czar Nikolai II of Russia for his initiative that resulted in the 1899 Hague Peace Conference. In addition, Schönbrunn wished that the Nobel Committee would divide the prize money between some worthy peace workers, namely William Randal Cremer, Frédéric Passy and Bertha von Suttner. Lange did not include this nomination among the official nominations. However, Schönbrunn was a memeber of the Arbitraion Court at the Hague and he was thereby entitled to nominate a candidate for the peace prize.|
Thirteen laureates were awarded a Nobel Prize in 2021, for achievements that have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind.
Their work and discoveries range from the Earth’s climate and our sense of touch to efforts to safeguard freedom of expression.
See them all presented here.