|Nomination for Nobel Peace Prize|
|Number:||16 - 2|
|Name:||Baroness Bertha Sophie F von Suttner|
|Profession:||Author. Vice president of the Permanent International Peace Bureau.|
|Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 1905|
|Name:||Paul Henri Benjamin Balluet d`Estournelles de Constant (Baron de Constant de Rébecque)|
|Profession:||Former diplomat. Member of the French parliament. Member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague.|
|Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 1909|
|Motivation:||Suttner was the author of the novel "Die Waffen nieder" (Lay Down Your Arms), the most important antiwar novel of the period. She was the founder and president of the Austrian Peace Society (1891), and she contributed to the foundation of the Permanent International Peace Bureau (1891). Suttner was nominated for her contribution to the international peace movement. D'Estournelles represented France at The Hague Peace Conference in 1899. He attempted to get acceptance for the principle of compulsory arbitration, but this was not possible. After the conference he strongly promoted the Permanent Court of Arbitration, and he founded the French Groupe de l'Arbitrage in 1903. D'Estournelles advocated Franco-German conciliation and wanted a European federation.|
|Profession:||Professor of Philosophy. Member of the Commission of the Permanent International Peace Bureau.|
|University:||University of Bern|
|Comments:||Full name: Paul Henri Benjamin Balluet, Baron d'Estournelles de Constant de Rébecque. Stein suggested that the prize should be divided between the two candidates.|
Thirteen laureates were awarded a Nobel Prize in 2021, for achievements that have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind.
Their work and discoveries range from the Earth’s climate and our sense of touch to efforts to safeguard freedom of expression.
See them all presented here.