Associations that originally advocated Nordic neutrality, international peace and arbitration. The Norwegian Peace Association was founded by C. Bernhard Hanssen, the Danish Peace Association was founded by Fredrik Bajer and the Swedish Peace and Arbitration League was founded by Klas Pontus Arnoldson. The Swedish Peace Association was founded in 1911 and it was primarily its view on disarmament that separated it from the older Swedish Peace and Arbitration League. While the Peace Association considered disarmament to be a problem, the Peace and Arbitration Leage considered it to be subject of practical political work and agitation. All of the associations organized Scandinavian peace conferences.
The nominator made three suggestions:
1. Primarily: The Norwegian Peace Association, The Danish Peace Association and The Swedish Peace and Arbitration League.
Subsidiarily: The Norwegian Peace Association, The Danish Peace Association and The Swedish Peace Association
2. If the Nobel Committee awarded only two: The Norwegian and the Danish Peace Assocciations.
3. If the Nobel Committee awarded only one: One of the four associations.
Zahle emphasized the nominees' role as advocates of neutrality.