Nikolai II initiated the First Hague Peace Conference in 1899. The czar's intention was to seek agreements to limit armaments and the financial burden of excessive armament, and to improve the prospects of peaceful settlement of international conflicts and to codify the laws of war.
Professor of Law. Pacifist. Member of the Institute of International Law.
Lammasch wanted the Norwegian Nobel Committee to bestow an honorary peace award on Czar Nikolai II of Russia for his initiative that resulted in the 1899 Hague Peace Conference. In addition, Lammasch wished that the Nobel Committee would divide the prize money between some worthy peace workers, namely William Randall Cremer, Frédéric Passy and Bertha von Suttner.