Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1992
Gary Becker

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Gary Becker - Facts

Gary S. Becker

Gary S. Becker

Born: 2 December 1930, Pottsville, PA, USA

Died: 3 May 2014, Chicago, IL, USA

Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA

Prize motivation: "for having extended the domain of microeconomic analysis to a wide range of human behaviour and interaction, including nonmarket behaviour"

Field: economic sociology, microeconomics

Contribution: Extended the domain of economic theory to aspects of human behavior which had previously been dealt with by other social science disciplines such as sociology, demography and criminology.

Prize share: 1/1


Gary Becker applied economic theories and approaches to areas that had previously only been addressed in sociology, demography, and criminology. His starting point was that actors act rationally to maximize specific goals, like advantage or wealth. In the 1950s and 1960s he applied his models in several areas: investments in people's competence (or human capital), behavior in households and families, crime and punishment, and discrimination in labor and other markets.

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MLA style: "Gary S. Becker - Facts". Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 24 Jun 2018. <>