Gary Becker

Facts

Gary S. Becker

Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.

Gary S. Becker
The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1992

Born: 2 December 1930, Pottsville, PA, USA

Died: 3 May 2014, Chicago, IL, USA

Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA

Prize motivation: "for having extended the domain of microeconomic analysis to a wide range of human behaviour and interaction, including nonmarket behaviour."

Contribution: Extended the domain of economic theory to aspects of human behavior which had previously been dealt with by other social science disciplines such as sociology, demography and criminology.

Prize share: 1/1

Work

Gary Becker applied economic theories and approaches to areas that had previously only been addressed in sociology, demography, and criminology. His starting point was that actors act rationally to maximize specific goals, like advantage or wealth. In the 1950s and 1960s he applied his models in several areas: investments in people's competence (or human capital), behavior in households and families, crime and punishment, and discrimination in labor and other markets.

To cite this section
MLA style: Gary S. Becker – Facts. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Media AB 2018. Mon. 17 Dec 2018. <https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/economic-sciences/1992/becker/facts/>

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