Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1982
Sune K. Bergström, Bengt I. Samuelsson, John R. Vane

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John R. Vane - Facts

John R. Vane

John R. Vane

Born: 29 March 1927, Tardebigg, United Kingdom

Died: 19 November 2004, Farnborough, United Kingdom

Affiliation at the time of the award: The Wellcome Research Laboratories, Beckenham, United Kingdom

Prize motivation: "for their discoveries concerning prostaglandins and related biologically active substances"

Field: biochemistry, chemistry

Prize share: 1/3


Prostaglandins are hormone-like substances that govern several important processes in the body. They also come into play when the body is under attack. In 1971 John Vane showed that acetylsalicylic acid, a substance found in pain-relieving and fever-reducing medications like aspirin, works by inhibiting the formation of prostglandins. In 1976 he discovered the prostacyclin prostglandin, which expands the smallest blood vessels and, unlike certain other prostglandins, inhibits the formation of blood particles called platelets that cause blood to coagulate.

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