Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1981
Nicolaas Bloembergen, Arthur L. Schawlow, Kai M. Siegbahn

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Arthur L. Schawlow - Facts

Arthur Leonard Schawlow

Arthur Leonard Schawlow

Born: 5 May 1921, Mount Verno, NY, USA

Died: 28 April 1999, Palo Alto, CA, USA

Affiliation at the time of the award: Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA

Prize motivation: "for their contribution to the development of laser spectroscopy"

Field: optical physics, quantum electrodynamics

Prize share: 1/4


Electrons in atoms and molecules have fixed energy levels, according to the principles of quantum physics. When there are transitions among different energy levels, light with certain frequencies is emitted or absorbed. This allows atoms and molecules to be analyzed with the help of the absorbed light's spectrum. With the laser's coherent and intense light, the measurement phenomenon can occur. In the 1960s, Arthur Schawlow made use of this to eliminate the Doppler effect, allowing him to determine energy levels with great precision.

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