Nomination archive


Nomination for Nobel Peace Prize
Year:1920
Number:5 - 2
 
Nominee 1:
Name:Hans Jakob Horst
Gender:M
Year, Birth:1848
Year, Death:1931
Profession:Educator. Member of the Norwegian Nobel Committee (1901-1931).
University:Kristiania University
City:Kristiania (now Oslo)
Country:NORWAY (NO)
 
Nominee 2:
Name:Thomas Woodrow Wilson
Gender:M
Year, Birth:1856
Year, Death:1924
Profession:President (1913-1921).
City:Washington, DC
Country:UNITED STATES (US)
Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 1919
 
Motivation:Horst represented the Norwegian parliament at the first Inter-Parliamentary Peace Conference in 1890. He was chairman of the Norwegian Peace Association and a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague. Wilson advocated international law and arbitration. In January 1917 he had made an unsuccessful attempt to persuade the belligerents to end the war, calling for a "peace without victory". After the USA had entered the war, Wilson outlined his view on a post-war settlement through his "Fourteen points". These became the guiding principles for the Paris Peace Conference (1919-20), and included the establishment of the League of Nations. However, Wilson failed to obtain ratification of the Treaty of Versailles, and the USA did not join the League of Nations.
 
Nominator:
Name:Otto Albert Blehr
Gender:M
Profession:Jurist. Member of the Norwegian government. Former Prime Minister.
City:Kristiania (now Oslo)
Country:NORWAY (NO)
 
Comments: The nominator suggested Wilson for the reserved prize of 1919 and Horst for the prize of 1920. In 1920 Wilson received the reserved prize for 1919.
 

To cite this section
MLA style: Nomination Archive. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Prize Outreach AB 2021. Wed. 24 Nov 2021. <https://www.nobelprize.org/nomination/archive/show.php?id=1904>