|Nomination for Nobel Peace Prize|
|Number:||10 - 3|
|Name:||Paul Henri Benjamin Balluet d`Estournelles de Constant (Baron de Constant de Rébecque)|
|Profession:||Former diplomat. Member of the French parliament. Member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague.|
|Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 1909|
|Motivation:||D'Estournelles represented France at The Hague Peace Conference in 1899. He attempted to get acceptance for the principle of compulsory arbitration, but this was not possible. After the conference he strongly promoted the Permanent Court of Arbitration, and he founded the French Groupe de l'Arbitrage in 1903. D'Estournelles advocated Franco-German conciliation and wanted a European federation. In 1905 he founded Conciliation Internationale, a network of peace workers aimed at influencing public opinion. At the second conference at The Hague in 1907, d'Estournelles continued his work to strengthen international arbitration.|
|Name:||Léon Victor Auguste Bourgeois|
|Profession:||Member of the French parliament (Senate). Member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague.|
|Comments:||Full name: Paul Henri Benjamin Balluet, Baron d'Estournelles de Constant de Rébecque.|
Thirteen laureates were awarded a Nobel Prize in 2021, for achievements that have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind.
Their work and discoveries range from the Earth’s climate and our sense of touch to efforts to safeguard freedom of expression.
See them all presented here.