|Nomination for Nobel Peace Prize|
|Number:||14 - 3|
|Name:||Fyodor Fyodorovich (Frédéric) Martens|
|Profession:||Professor of International Law. Diplomat. International arbitrator|
|Country:||RUSSIAN FEDERATION (RU)|
|Profession:||Pioneer peace worker. Organizer of peace societies and congresses. Co-founder of the Interparliamentary Union.|
|Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 1901|
|Name:||Baroness Bertha Sophie F von Suttner|
|Profession:||Author. Member of the Commission of the Permanent International Peace Bureau.|
|Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 1905|
|Motivation:||Martens advocated international arbitration and he also worked to create a codification of the laws of war. Martens often acted as mediator in disputes between European states. Passy's career as a peace worker began in 1856 with his opposition to the Crimean War. In 1867 he founded the first French peace society (Ligue internationale et permanente de la paix). Passy promoted free trade, pacifism, international law and arbitration. As a member of parliament (1881-1889), Passy also contributed to the founding of the Inter-Parliamentary Union. Suttner was the author of the novel "Die Waffen nieder" (Lay Down Your Arms), the most important antiwar novel of the period. She was the founder and president of the Austrian Peace Society (1891), and she contributed to the foundation of the Permanent International Peace Bureau (1891). Suttner was nominated for her contribution to the international peace movement.|
|Name:||Professors at the University of Agram (Zagreb)|
|Profession:||Professors of Political Science, History and Philosophy.|
|University:||University of Zagreb|
Thirteen laureates were awarded a Nobel Prize in 2021, for achievements that have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind.
Their work and discoveries range from the Earth’s climate and our sense of touch to efforts to safeguard freedom of expression.
See them all presented here.