Nomination archive


Nomination for Nobel Peace Prize
Year:1901
Number:14 - 3
 
Nominee 1:
Name:Fyodor Fyodorovich (Frédéric) Martens
Gender:M
Year, Birth:1845
Year, Death:1909
Profession:Professor of International Law. Diplomat. International arbitrator
University:St Petersburg
City:St Petersburg
Country:RUSSIAN FEDERATION (RU)
 
Nominee 2:
Name:Frédéric Passy
Gender:M
Year, Birth:1822
Year, Death:1912
Profession:Pioneer peace worker. Organizer of peace societies and congresses. Co-founder of the Interparliamentary Union.
City:Neuilly-sur-Seine
Country:FRANCE (FR)
Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 1901
 
Nominee 3:
Name:Baroness Bertha Sophie F von Suttner
Gender:F
Year, Birth:1843
Year, Death:1914
Profession:Author. Member of the Commission of the Permanent International Peace Bureau.
City:Vienna
Country:AUSTRIA (AT)
Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 1905
 
Motivation:Martens advocated international arbitration and he also worked to create a codification of the laws of war. Martens often acted as mediator in disputes between European states. Passy's career as a peace worker began in 1856 with his opposition to the Crimean War. In 1867 he founded the first French peace society (Ligue internationale et permanente de la paix). Passy promoted free trade, pacifism, international law and arbitration. As a member of parliament (1881-1889), Passy also contributed to the founding of the Inter-Parliamentary Union. Suttner was the author of the novel "Die Waffen nieder" (Lay Down Your Arms), the most important antiwar novel of the period. She was the founder and president of the Austrian Peace Society (1891), and she contributed to the foundation of the Permanent International Peace Bureau (1891). Suttner was nominated for her contribution to the international peace movement.
 
Nominator:
Name: Professors at the University of Agram (Zagreb)
Profession:Professors of Political Science, History and Philosophy.
University:University of Zagreb
City:Zagreb
Country:CROATIA (HR)
 
 

To cite this section
MLA style: Nomination Archive. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Prize Outreach AB 2021. Fri. 15 Oct 2021. <https://www.nobelprize.org/nomination/archive/show.php?id=4972>