|Nomination for Nobel Peace Prize|
|Number:||19 - 12|
|Profession:||Pioneer peace worker. Organizer of peace societies and congresses. Co-founder of the Inter-Parliamentary Union.|
|Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 1901|
|Motivation:||Passy's career as a peace worker began in 1856 with his opposition to the Crimean War. In 1867 he founded the first French peace society (Ligue internationale et permanente de la paix). Passy promoted free trade, pacifism, international law and arbitration. As a member of parliament (1881-1889), Passy also contributed to the founding of the Inter-Parliamentary Union.|
|Name:||Baroness Bertha Sophie F von Suttner|
|Profession:||Author. Member of the Commission of the Permanent International Peace Bureau.|
|Comments:||Suttner also mentioned other possible candidates without specifically naming them as nominees for 1901. She wanted Passy, the oldest and most revered of the peace workers, to receive the first peace prize, and she also recommended a division of the prize in order to honor as many as the worthy candidates as possible. In addition she wrote a lengthy letter about how she interpreted the notions in Alfred Nobel's will. She had been a friend of Nobel, and she wished to share her thoughts on the peace prize with the Norwegian Nobel Committee. Among others, she opposed the idea of giving the prize to an organization.|
Thirteen laureates were awarded a Nobel Prize in 2021, for achievements that have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind.
Their work and discoveries range from the Earth’s climate and our sense of touch to efforts to safeguard freedom of expression.
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