Nomination archive


Nomination for Nobel Peace Prize
Year:1901
Number:19 - 13
 
Nominee 1:
Name:Frédéric Passy
Gender:M
Year, Birth:1822
Year, Death:1912
Profession:Pioneer peace worker. Organizer of peace societies and congresses. Co-founder of the Inter-Parliamentary Union.
City:Neuilly-sur-Seine
Country:FRANCE (FR)
Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 1901
 
Nominee 2:
Name:Fyodor Fyodorovich (Frédéric) Martens
Gender:M
Year, Birth:1845
Year, Death:1909
Profession:Professor of International Law. Diplomat. International arbitrator.
University:St Petersburg
City:St Petersburg
Country:RUSSIAN FEDERATION (RU)
 
Nominee 3:
Name:Baroness Bertha Sophie F von Suttner
Gender:F
Year, Birth:1843
Year, Death:1914
Profession:Author. Vice president of the Permanent International Peace Bureau.
City:Vienna
Country:AUSTRIA (AT)
Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 1905
 
Motivation:Passy's career as a peace worker began in 1856 with his opposition to the Crimean War. In 1867 he founded the first French peace society (Ligue internationale et permanente de la paix). Passy promoted free trade, pacifism, international law and arbitration. As a member of parliament (1881-1889), Passy also contributed to the founding of the Inter-Parliamentary Union. Martens advocated international arbitration and he also worked to establish a codification of the laws of war. Martens often acted as mediator in disputes between European states.Author of the book "La paix et la guerre". Suttner was the author of the novel "Die Waffen nieder" (Lay Down Your Arms), the most important antiwar novel of the period. She was the founder and president of the Austrian Peace Society (1891), and she contributed to the foundation of the Permanent International Peace Bureau (1891). Suttner was nominated for her contribution to the international peace movement.
 
Nominator:
Name: Professors at the University of Agram (Zagreb)
Profession:Professors of Political Science, History and Philosophy.
University:University of Zagreb
City:Zagreb
Country:CROATIA (HR)
 
Comments: Passy began working for peace during the Crimean War, but he did not involve himself more actively in peace work until 1867.
 

To cite this section
MLA style: Nomination Archive. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Prize Outreach AB 2021. Fri. 15 Oct 2021. <https://www.nobelprize.org/nomination/archive/show.php?id=6606>