|Nomination for Nobel Peace Prize|
|Number:||2 - 3|
|Profession:||Social reformer and pacifist. Author. Leader of the American settlement house movement. Co-founder of WILPF.|
|Country:||UNITED STATES (US)|
|Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 1931|
|Name:||The Permanent International Peace Bureau|
|Profession:||Central office through which peace activities could be coordinated|
|Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 1910|
|Motivation:||Addams was the co-founder and president of the Women's Peace Party (1915). In 1915 she attended the Women's Peace Conference at The Hague, and she was elected president of the International Committee of Women for Permanent Peace. After the conference Addams and several of the delegates went on a peace mission to the European political leaders and to the American president. Addams was elected president of the newly formed Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) at the second Women's Peace Conference in 1919. She presided over the 4th regular peace conference held by the WILPF in Washington in 1924. It adopted a manifesto stating that civilization can only be rebuilt on international justice, renouncing the Treaty of Versailles. It furthermore demanded democratic control over foreign policy, social peace and a stronger international organization. The Peace Bureau organized peace conferences, and it collected and published peace literature. It advocated peace, pacifism and international law. During WWI the Peace Bureau helped prisoners of war and other victims of the war.|
|Profession:||Member of the German parliament. Nobel Peace Prize laureate 1927.|
|Comments:||Addams founded several settlement houses, most notably Hull House in Chicago. Her aim was to improve the living conditions of immigrants and working class people through educational and philantropic activities. Both the Permanent International Peace Bureau and Addams were on the short list, but no new evaluations were requested. Quidde nominated the Permanent International Peace Bureau in case an institution was preferred for the prize.|
Thirteen laureates were awarded a Nobel Prize in 2021, for achievements that have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind.
Their work and discoveries range from the Earth’s climate and our sense of touch to efforts to safeguard freedom of expression.
See them all presented here.