The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2003


The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2003

The cell’s contact with the outer world


The wall that separates a cell from its surroundings – the membrane – is not an impermeable shell. It is pierced through by various sorts of channel. The channels consist of proteins, each with its own function.


To cite this section
MLA style: The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2003. Nobel Prize Outreach AB 2023. Fri. 2 Jun 2023. <>

Back to top Back To Top Takes users back to the top of the page

Nobel Prizes and laureates

Fourteen laureates were awarded a Nobel Prize in 2022, for achievements that have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind. Their work and discoveries range from paleogenomics and click chemistry to documenting war crimes.

See them all presented here.
Nobel Prizes 2022

Explore prizes and laureates

Look for popular awards and laureates in different fields, and discover the history of the Nobel Prize.