1918 Fritz Haber awarded Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the Haber-Bosch process.
1932 Irving Langmuir awarded the first Nobel Prize for general surface chemistry.
1956 Cyril Hinshelwood awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, among other things for the Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanism for surface reactions.
1992 Ilya Prigogine awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for having described dynamic dissipative structures, chaotic reactions and non-reversible thermodynamics.
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.