Robert A. Mundell
The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1999
Born: 24 October 1932, Kingston, ON, Canada
Died: 4 April 2021, Siena, Italy
Affiliation at the time of the award: Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
Prize motivation: "for his analysis of monetary and fiscal policy under different exchange rate regimes and his analysis of optimum currency areas."
Contribution: Analysed international macroeconomic policy and demonstrated the importance of the exchange rate regime, and how barriers to migration and capital movements stimulate commodity trade.
Prize share: 1/1
Exchange rates among different currencies are an important factor in business and the economy. In the beginning of the 1960s, Robert Mundell analyzed the effects of political actions on this area, including the consequences if exchange rates remain fixed or are allowed to be governed by the market. He maintained that it could be advantageous for several countries to introduce a common currency, provided that the labor force has a great deal of mobility. Robert Mundell's theories had relevance for the introduction of the euro as the European Union's currency