José Echegaray y Eizaguirre
The Nobel Prize in Literature 1904
Born: 19 April 1832, Madrid, Spain
Died: 4 September 1916, Madrid, Spain
Residence at the time of the award: Spain
Prize motivation: "in recognition of the numerous and brilliant compositions which, in an individual and original manner, have revived the great traditions of the Spanish drama."
Prize share: 1/2
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.