Gerhart Johann Robert Hauptmann
The Nobel Prize in Literature 1912
Born: 15 November 1862, Bad Salzbrunn, Prussia (now Poland)
Died: 6 June 1946, Agnetendorf (now Jagniatków), Germany (now Poland)
Residence at the time of the award: Germany
Prize motivation: "primarily in recognition of his fruitful, varied and outstanding production in the realm of dramatic art."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.