The Nobel Prize in Literature 1946
Born: 2 July 1877, Calw, Germany
Died: 9 August 1962, Montagnola, Switzerland
Residence at the time of the award: Switzerland
Prize motivation: "for his inspired writings which, while growing in boldness and penetration, exemplify the classical humanitarian ideals and high qualities of style."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.