Pär Fabian Lagerkvist
The Nobel Prize in Literature 1951
Born: 23 May 1891, Växjö, Sweden
Died: 11 July 1974, Stockholm, Sweden
Residence at the time of the award: Sweden
Prize motivation: "for the artistic vigour and true independence of mind with which he endeavours in his poetry to find answers to the eternal questions confronting mankind."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.