The Nobel Prize in Literature 1964
Born: 21 June 1905, Paris, France
Died: 15 April 1980, Paris, France
Residence at the time of the award: France
Prize motivation: "for his work which, rich in ideas and filled with the spirit of freedom and the quest for truth, has exerted a far-reaching influence on our age."
Jean-Paul Sartre declined the Nobel Prize.
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from cancer therapy and laser physics to developing proteins that can solve humankind’s chemical problems. The work of the 2018 Nobel Laureates also included combating war crimes, as well as integrating innovation and climate with economic growth. Find out more.