Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.
Born: 21 December 1917, Cologne, Germany
Died: 16 July 1985, Bornheim-Merten, West Germany (now Germany)
Residence at the time of the award: Federal Republic of Germany
Prize motivation: "for his writing which through its combination of a broad perspective on his time and a sensitive skill in characterization has contributed to a renewal of German literature."
Prize share: 1/1
See the list of all Nobel Prizes, awarded for "the greatest benefit to mankind."
In his will, Alfred Nobel left 31 million SEK to found the Nobel Prizes.
Medicine Laureate Shinya Yamanaka talks about the importance of taking risks.