The Nobel Prize in Literature 1972
Born: 21 December 1917, Cologne, Germany
Died: 16 July 1985, Bornheim-Merten, West Germany (now Germany)
Residence at the time of the award: Federal Republic of Germany
Prize motivation: "for his writing which through its combination of a broad perspective on his time and a sensitive skill in characterization has contributed to a renewal of German literature."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.