The Nobel Prize in Literature 1984
Born: 23 September 1901, Prague, Austria-Hungary (now Czech Republic)
Died: 10 January 1986, Prague, Czechoslovakia
Residence at the time of the award: Czechoslovakia
Prize motivation: "for his poetry which endowed with freshness, sensuality and rich inventiveness provides a liberating image of the indomitable spirit and versatility of man."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.